MB0044 : Explain the various phases in project management life cycle. List the Domain Applications of SCM and the steps involved in implementation of SCM.
Posted October 18, 2011on:
MA0044 : Explain the various phases in project management life cycle. List the Domain Applications of SCM and the steps involved in implementation of SCM.
Answers : Phases of project management life cycle
Project management life cycle has six phases:
- Analysis and evaluation phase
- Marketing phase
- Design phase
- Execution phase
- Control – inspecting, testing, and delivery phase
- Closure and post completion analysis phase
Analysis and evaluation phase
Analysis and evaluation phase is the initial phase of any project. In this phase, information is collected from the customer pertaining to the project. From the collected information, the requirements of the project are analysed. According to the customer requirement, the entire project is planned in a strategic manner. The project manager conducts the analysis of the problem and submits a detailed report to the top management.
A project proposal is prepared by a group of people including the project manager. This proposal has to contain the strategies adopted to market the product to the customers.
Design phase involves the study of inputs and outputs of the various project stages
- Inputs received consist of: project feasibility study, preliminary project evaluation details, project proposal, and customer interviews.
- Outputs produced consist of: system design specifications, functional specifications of the project, design specifications of the project, and project plan.
In execution phase, the project manager and the team members work on the project objectives as per the plan. At every stage during the execution, reports are prepared.
Control – inspecting, testing and delivery phase
During this phase, the project team works under the guidance of the project manager. The project manager has to ensure that the team working under him is implementing the project designs accurately. The project has to be tracked or monitored through its cost, manpower, and schedule. The project manager has to ensure ways of managing the customer and marketing the future work, as well as ways to perform quality control work.
Closure and post completion analysis phase
Upon satisfactory completion and delivery of the intended product or service the staff performance has to be evaluated. The project manager has to document the lessons from the project. Reports on project feedback are to be prepared and analysed. A project execution report is to be prepared.
SCM can be easily applied and integrated with:
- ERP systems
- Design systems like auto-CAD, Pro-E
- R&D systems
- ISO 9000 systems
- Accounting and financial systems
- Costing systems
- Manufacturing systems
SCM implementation involves the certain steps:
- Study the strengths and weaknesses within the enterprise as well as of external agencies involved.
- Understand the organisation objectives.
- Study the existing systems and identify the gaps and propose solutions to plug the loopholes.
- Evolve consensus and test fire individual solutions
- Integrate solutions which are adjudged successfully into the mainstream.
- Study overall impact after all proposals in a section are implemented, review consensus.
- Finalise SCM document, circulate, and implement the same