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MB0046 : Discuss the different marketing concepts with its merits and drawbacks.

Posted on: October 19, 2011

MB0046 : Discuss the different marketing concepts with its merits and drawbacks.
Answer :- There are certain fundamental concepts and tasks which one needs to know to fully understand the marketing function. These concepts provide foundation for a marketing orientation and to manage the marketing function.

1. Needs and Wants

The marketer’s task lies in satisfying human needs and wants through the exchange process. It is alleged that “marketing creates needs” and makes people buy things they do not actually need. In reality, marketing or marketers do not create “needs”, but they create “wants”. Some needs are the basic human requirements of food, clothing, shelter, water and air. There are other needs such as social needs, esteem needs etc.

When we desire certain specific objects or items to fulfill these needs, they are called wants. This difference between wants and needs is not the same as understood in the subject matter of ‘economics’. The marketer identifies the need which may lie unexpressed by the customer.



2. Demand

Human wants are unlimited, but their resources are limited. When a want for an object is backed or supported by buying ability, willingness to spend and desire to acquire a product / service, it becomes a potential demand. The task of assessing or estimating demand is very crucial for a marketer. He should understand the relationship of the demand for his product with its price. Demand forecasting is essential for allocation of resources in a company. This is the reason why marketers segment consumers on the basis of their earning capacity. The income of the consumer indicates the potential to buy.

3. Product and Services

‘Product is a generic term used to describe what is being offered by a seller or marketer. It may be a good, a service or idea, which can be marketed by offering a set of benefits it offers to customers to satisfy their needs.

A product can be defined as anything that can be offered to market to satisfy a need or want. Today, many types of entities such as goods, services, experiences, events, persons, places and ideas are being marketed.


4. Target Market

Very few products can satisfy everyone in the market. Therefore, marketers divide the market into distinct groups of buyers who have similar preferences. These groups are called segments with their own specific demographic, psychographic and behavioral characteristics. The marketer decides as to which of these segment or segments offer highest opportunity for his company. For each of these target markets, the firm develops a product / service suited to their needs.

TATA group has recently designed an economy car called ‘NANO’ which is priced around Rs. 1 Lakh. The target market for this car is all aspirants who dream of owning a car but cannot afford cars, which are currently available for minimum Rs. 2.5 Lakh. A Target Market is the group of people at whom a marketer targets his marketing efforts to sell his goods and services.

5. Marketing Management

Marketing Management which is also the title of this course refers to all the activities which the marketing managers, executives and personnel have to undertake to carry out the marketing function of the firm.

It involves  (i) analyzing the market opportunities by undertaking consumer needs and changes taking place in the marketing environment, (ii) planning the marketing activities, and (iii) implementing marketing plans and settings control mechanism to ensure smooth and successful accomplishment of the organizations goals. Marketing Management is a critical function, especially in highly competitive markets. It provides competitive edge to an organization through strategic analysis and planning.

6. Values and Satisfaction

Value is primarily a function of quality, service and cost. Value increases with increase in quality and service and decreases with increase in cost. Value is an important marketing concept and the task of marketing is to identify, create, communicate, deliver and monitor customer value.

Customers generally experience satisfaction when the performance level meets minimum performance expectations of a product or service. When the performance as perceived exceeds the expected performance level, the customer will be not just satisfied, but delighted. Thus customer satisfaction or delight with respect to a product or service encourages customers to come back and repurchase the product or service in future. Satisfied customers can be an asset to the marketing company over a period of time, as they will spread favorable word-of-mouth information or opinions.


2 Responses to "MB0046 : Discuss the different marketing concepts with its merits and drawbacks."

hi am srinivas can u help to submit 2nd sem assighment winter session


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