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MB0049 : Comment on the following a. Importance of DMAIS in project management cycle b. Knowledge areas of project management

Posted on: October 11, 2011

MB0049 : Comment on the following
a. Importance of DMAIS in project management cycle

b. Knowledge areas of project management

Answer: – Importance of DMAIS in a Project Management Cycle

Project managers consider the five steps – DMAIS – as generic for any system of a journey towards excellence. Figure 9.2 lists the five steps hidden in the acronym DMAIS. DMAIS is highly relevant in Project Management for the simple reason that each step gives out in detail the actions to be taken to ensure readiness for the next step. Verification of DMAIS implementation is possible with checklists which can be prepared and used by employees at all levels. The team members can be given training to follow them.

Five steps of DMAIS.

1. Define – This step requires that what is sought to be achieved is identified in all its detail. The following are the inputs which will define what we are going to make:

a. Benchmark: It refers to the standards achieved by the best in the industry. A company’s product is set to meet them.

b. Customer Requirement: It refers to the documentation of customer requirements. Proper understanding of customer requirement is of utmost importance. You should deliver what a customer requires.

c. Process Flow Map: – It shows the activities that take place to result in the product at the end of them.

d. Quality Function Deployment – This tool compares the quality characteristics in a company’s product with those in their competitors’ and their relative importance to the customer. To achieve them, you find the technical specifications you have to incorporate in our product.

e. Project Management Plan – This includes the materials, men, activities, schedules, milestones and so on.

2. Measure – In this step, we measure the outcomes of the activities. This is done using the following methods.

a. Data collection – You need to collect the data about the work that is done and compare as to how it corresponds with what is required

b. Defect Metrics – You need to capture the deviations that are in the effective potion of the work in defect metrics. Then you need to decide whether they are acceptable or need rectification.

c. Sampling – If the volumes are high, you need to select a few of them and inspect them to see whether the entire batch is acceptable

3. Analyze – In this step, you have to analyze the data received from the preceding step by using the following tools:

a. Cause and Effect Diagrams – also called Fishbone Diagrams

b. Failure Mode and Effect Analysis FMEA

c. Root Cause Analysis

d. Reliability Analysis

4. Improve – In this step, you have to implement the measures to remove the defects found earlier for improving the process. This can be done using the following measures.

a. Design of Experiments – The effect of changing values of parameters is done in a controlled way. This allows you to experimentally determine the effect of variations determined. You can use the results for optimizing the process

b. Robust Design – The equipment design is made robust to reduce the variations.

c. Tolerances – The permitted deviations are made closer, so that the capability of process is increased

5. Standardize – When improvements have become consistent, the methods adopted are standardized.

Knowledge areas of project management

There are nine knowledge areas consisting of integration, scope, time, cost, quality, risk, human resources, communications, and procurement. These areas group 44 Project Management Processes. All of the knowledge areas are interrelated and each should be taken care of during project planning

Following are 9 project management knowledge areas.

1. Project Integration Management: Deals with processes that integrate different aspects of project management.

2. Project Scope Management: Deals with processes that are responsible for controlling project scope.

3. Project Time Management: Deals with processes concerning the time constraints of the project.

4. Project Cost Management: Deals with processes concerning the cost constrains of the project.

5. Project Quality Management: Deals with the processes that assure that the project meets its quality obligations.

6. Project Human Resources Management: Deals with the processes related to obtaining and managing the project team.

7. Project Communication Management: Deals with the processes concerning communication mechanisms of a project.

8. Project Risk Management: Deals with the processes concerned with project risk management.

9. Project Procurement Management: Deals with processes related to obtaining products and services needed to complete a project.

In total, there are 44 processes involved in Project Management. These are mapped to one of nine Project Management Knowledge Areas.


1 Response to "MB0049 : Comment on the following a. Importance of DMAIS in project management cycle b. Knowledge areas of project management"

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