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MB0045 : Explain the Net operating income approach to capital structure theories.

Posted on: September 22, 2011

MB0045 : Explain the Net operating income approach to capital structure theories.

Answer : The net operating income approach assumes that creditors do not increase their required rate of return as a company takes on debt, but investors do. Further, the rate at which investors increase their required rate of return as the financing mix is shifted toward debt exactly offsets the weighting away from the more expensive equity and toward the cheaper debt. The result is that the cost of capital remains constant regardless of the financing mix. This approach concludes that there is no optimal financing mixany mix is as good as any other.

Net Operating Income Approach was also suggested by Durand. This approach is of the opposite view of Net Income approach. This approach suggests that the capital structure decision of a firm is irrelevant and that any change in the leverage or debt will not result in a change in the total value of the firm as well as the market price of its shares. This approach also says that the overall cost of capital is independent of the degree of leverage.

Features of NOI approach:

  • At all degrees of leverage (debt), the overall capitalization rate would remain constant. For a given level of Earnings before Interest and Taxes (EBIT), the value of a firm would be equal to EBIT/overall capitalization rate.
  • The value of equity of a firm can be determined by subtracting the value of debt from the total value of the firm. This can be denoted as follows:
    Value of Equity = Total value of the firm – Value of debt
  • Cost of equity increases with every increase in debt and the weighted average cost of capital (WACC) remains constant. When the debt content in the capital structure increases, it increases the risk of the firm as well as its shareholders. To compensate for the higher risk involved in investing in highly levered company, equity holders naturally expect higher returns which in turn increases the cost of equity capital.
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4 Responses to "MB0045 : Explain the Net operating income approach to capital structure theories."

sahi hai bhai

kamaal hai yaar.superb

clearly answered. Thank you.

Thanks a lot Superb

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